The largest impacts on metal depletion are regarded from the batteries, particularly of the lithium metal which is utilized in the production of the battery. A tap must be put with regards to the use of lithium even though there is no immediate shortage of the same (Zackrisson 2010). Because of the fact that in the initial stage of production the mining of lithium could result in toxicity and in the place of mining it might also result in health, environmental and social effects. As compared to the lead-acid batteries, it is estimated that the lithium-ion batteries are less toxic to the humans and to the environment. We could say that the impacts which it has on the environment are more as compared to the positive impacts which it has.
Based on the above analysis, we could state that production of nickel-metal-hydride and lithium-ion batteries produce the most GHG emissions and utilize are the most energy. We must also take into consideration the further aspects of the use of battery, like performance at different temperature, length of usage and the capacity of discharging quickly (Rydh and Svard 2003). There are various harmful effects that it has and with regards to the recycling of batteries there may be heath safety issues associated with the same. The use of batteries has been increasing and so has been its environmental impact. In association with the dumping of the batteries the release of different elements in the ground leads to various harmful impacts to environment near the site. There must be steps taken so as to increase the efforts which are taken to recycle the different parts of batteries. Although, there is no immediate replacement of batteries but one we must look at the impacts which it has n environment and must control them. In terms of human toxicity and environmental degradation, nickel-cadmium and lead-acid batteries appear to be most concerning.