澳洲代写:天然气能源贸易

04 6月 澳洲代写:天然气能源贸易

澳洲代写:天然气能源贸易

赫普沃斯(2016)在新闻报道《释放天然气市场:能源沙皇》中讨论了整个东海岸地区天然气市场为释放天然气贸易而进行的改革。这一背景下的另一个影响是,到2040年,中国经济将增长约87亿美元。欧洲大陆正面临着南澳大利亚电价飙升的问题,因此,澳大利亚能源市场委员会(Energy Market Commission of Australia)正在考虑改革管道可达性和天然气贸易的措施(Hepworth, 2016)。已建议进行改革,以消除障碍,使天然气交易更有效和更快,并使管道能够按照澳大利亚东海岸地区的做法进行改造。有许多利益相关者受到改革的影响,主要是因为电力行业对燃气发电机具有关键的可靠性,特别是为了确保间歇性的可再生能源得到支持。

澳洲代写:天然气能源贸易

天然气批发交易必须集中在两个枢纽上,这两个枢纽是供应和需求的主要点,并确保管道的闲置产能随时可用(Hepworth, 2016)。更长远地说,现在有一项改革的要求,即在液化天然气出口导致需求上升的时期,消费者最终不会支付超出需求的款项。简化在重新设计的天然气市场上销售和购买天然气的过程,最终将增加竞争,降低成本,并帮助支持依赖天然气的行业,这些行业对总体经济和消费者都具有大量流动优势。此外,最重要的利益相关者是澳大利亚的经济,因为改革可能导致澳大利亚GDP在2040年以净现值计算增加87亿美元(Leather et al., 2013)。这将通过改善使用天然气的各个行业的生存能力,以及税收收入和就业的收益流动来实现。

澳洲代写:天然气能源贸易

In the news story “Free up gas market: Energy Tsar”, Hepworth (2016) has discussed about the urge of reforms across the gas market of east coast region for freeing up trade of gas. Additional implication in this context is unlocking approximately 8.7 billion dollars in the growth of economy by the year 2040. The continent is facing issues regarding the spiking prices of electricity in South Australia, as a result of which the Energy Market Commission of Australia is considering measures for overhauling the accessibility of pipelines and the trade of gas (Hepworth, 2016). The reforms have been recommended for the removal of roadblocks to more efficient and faster trading of gas and accessibility to transformation of pipeline in alignment with the East Coast region of Australia. There are a number of stakeholders affected by the reform, mainly because the sector of electricity has key reliability upon generators fired by gas, specifically for ensuring that intermittent renewables are backed up.

澳洲代写:天然气能源贸易
The wholesale trading of gas has to have key concentration on two hubs that are the major points of supply and demand and for ensuring the readily availability of unused capacity of pipeline (Hepworth, 2016). Further ahead, there is now a requirement of reform so that the consumers do not end up making more payment than required at a period when exports of LNG has resulted in driving up the demand. Simplifying the process to sell and buy gas in redesigned markets of gas will end up increasing competition, lowering costs, and helping support industries reliable on gas with numbers of flow-on advantages to both the general economy and the consumers. In addition, the most significant stakeholder is the economy of Australia, as the reforms may result in increasing the GDP of Australia by 8.7 billion dollars in terms of net present value by the year 2040 (Leather et al., 2013). This will be enabled by the improvement of viability across the industries using gas along with flow on benefits to tax revenues and employment.