It made them realize that disarming and demobilization is their mere benefit. Moreover, UN established stations where disarmament of combatants took place and UN took the custody of their arms and weapons. Additionally, UN improvised a sense of integrity in the ex-combatants and acknowledged them prior to demobilization. This created a sense of trust between the conflicting groups and government. With the help of UN, Colombia successfully created peaceful and humanitarian environment while eliminating a half century long conflict in the region.
There are numerous considerations which are essential to prior to planning and development of a DDR program.
DDR should be considered as a political activity rather than technical activity. Political conditions of the region and essential protocols must be observed in the planning of DDR (Leonhardt, 2001; Ropers, 2002).
The program should consider human capacity weaknesses, lack in provisions, and other social factors of the people in affected region or group (Ogata, 2003).
Program should also consider the economic conditions of the effectives like literacy rate, employment rate, opportunities of education and jobs and such other factors (Golub, 1995).
If there is international support from UN or any other nation, the DDR program can be planned with their consent (Boschmann, 2002). It helps in improving the planning and helps in implementation of the program.
Timing of DDR matters in its successful implementation and drawing maximum result out of it. DDR program should be planned and initiated in the beginning of peace process that is post-war period (Ropers, 2002).
The time frames of the three separate processes that are disarmament, demobilization and reintegration also play a vital role in yielding the results. Generally, disarmament and demobilization occurs prior to the reintegration process. The former two processes are individual yet their timings may overlap. They may go with different pace in different regions or with different groups.
Reintegration should be planned in a very considerate way. Financial hurdles may arise in this phase if not properly planned and due to inadequate funds allotment (Ball, 1997). Here, a country may seek assistance from UN or World Bank within the planning of DDR.