13/02/2019

澳洲堪培拉大学论文代写:弗洛伊德的死亡驱力理论

墨尔本论文代写

澳洲堪培拉大学论文代写:弗洛伊德的死亡驱力理论

为了阐明天才弗洛伊德的死亡驱力理论,首先要从历史的角度来考察。根据希腊神话,萨纳托斯是死亡恶魔,他是黑暗(伊瑞波斯)和尼克斯(夜晚)的儿子,也是同父异母的孪生兄弟sleep(安眠神)。萨纳托斯与希腊其他各种罪恶的化身有关,如苦难、欺骗和厄运(贝尔2015)。简单地说,萨纳托斯并不像某些人认为的那样是一个死亡恶魔,他被称为死亡向导,带领着死去的人们来到地狱,冥王。这仅仅是Thanatos的特征,弗洛伊德和其他类似的精神分析学家,如马尔库塞,在几个世纪前对其进行了研究和测试。根据死亡的弗洛伊德理论,第一个重要的问题是考虑每个人的生命本能(绿色神话中称为厄洛斯),驱动人们对生殖、基于生存的本能和一个驱动器向死亡(后来创造了像上面描述的死的愿望)贝尔(2015)。这种死亡驱动力迫使人类从事导致自我毁灭的行为,并承担着巨大的风险。这种冲动将他们引向个人死亡,一种回归无机形态的冲动,而他们正是从无机形态中出现的。这种对自我毁灭的固有欲望概念有争议。人们还没有准备好接受这样一种观念,即他们渴望伤害自己,而这似乎与产生和创造奇迹的强烈生物欲望存在很大的矛盾。然而,弗洛伊德认为,自我毁灭行为是一种缓解压力的方法。

澳洲堪培拉大学论文代写:弗洛伊德的死亡驱力理论
它显然是一种宣泄和释放情绪的方式(Bell 2015)。他进一步说明,它提供了一种控制感。弗洛伊德使用的术语“Thanatos”表明,它提供了一种逃离不动产的简单方式。在这种情况下,“真实”就会出现在维持生命的电路中,成为一个障碍,驱使人们去寻求无法消除的快乐。这在本质上是不断重复的。重复的强迫,正如弗洛伊德所说,是一种不能被制服或同化的东西的标志。这种重复的例子是可以引用的。Fort/ da游戏是弗洛伊德发明的,在他的书《超越快乐原则》中也讨论过这个问题。书中反复提到,一个小男孩在他的婴儿床里扔了一个附加在威胁上的线轴,它会从他的视线中消失,然后他会反复地把它卷回去。该行为伴随着声音的替代行为,即在执行该行为时使用“gone”和“there”(Bell 2015)。根据弗洛伊德的理论,这个游戏是一个再现,是一本以最原始的形式表现了一个男孩和他母亲分离的作品。然而这与死亡有关,男孩的形象是由他所做的行为组成的。观众首先无法描述男孩对母亲所经历的死亡和严重创伤的形式。这种重复与死亡驱动理论相联系,因为在最初的创伤下,一个人坚持通过重复的行为来寻找逃避。

澳洲堪培拉大学论文代写:弗洛伊德的死亡驱力理论

In order to illustrate the theory of Death drive by the ever-genius, Freud, it is essential to first look at the historical perspective. As per the mythology of Greek, Thanatos was the death demon who was also the son of darkness (Erebos) and Nyx (night) as well as a twin half-brother, sleep (Hypnos). Thanatos was related with various other personified evils of Greek such as suffering, deception and doom (Bell 2015). Simply, Thanatos was not a death demon as in some perspectives, he was known as the death guide leading people who are dead to hell lord, the Hades. This is mere feature of Thanatos which Freud and other similar psychoanalysts such as Marcuse took to study and put to test several centuries ago. According to the Freudian theory of death drive, the first matter of importance is to consider each human being with a life instinct [termed as Eros in Green mythology], that drives the people towards procreating, having survival based instincts and a drive towards death [coined later as Thanatos as described above](Bell 2015). This death drive forces human beings to engage themselves in acts that lead towards self-destruction and hold a large amount of risk. This drive leads them towards their individual death, an urge to return into inorganic form from which they appeared. This innate desire conception towards self-destruction has controversies associated with it. People are not ready to accept the perception that they urge to hurt their own selves and this seems at large number of odds with the strong biological desire to produce and prodigies. However, Freud argues that self-destructive behaviour is a stress reliever.

澳洲堪培拉大学论文代写:弗洛伊德的死亡驱力理论
It apparently is cathartic and provides release of emotions (Bell 2015). He further illustrates that it provides a control feeling. The use of term, “Thanatos”, by Freud indicates that it provides an easy manner to escape from the realty. In such situation, real would then appear as a hitch in the life preserving circuit, drive seeking pleasure which cannot be flattened out. This in turn is consistently repetitive in nature. The repeat compulsion, as per Freud is the trademark of something that cannot be subdued or assimilated. An example can be quoted of this kind of repetitiveness. Fort/ da game was invented by Freud and the same was discussed within his book, “Beyond the pleasure principle”. Repeatedly, the book discussed, that a little boy threw an attached spool to a threat inside his crib where it would hide from his sight and then he would repeatedly reel it back. This act was accompanied with alternative actions of sound that is by using “gone” and “there” while performing the act (Bell 2015). This game, as per Freud is a re-enactment and a work book that shows separation of a boy from his mother in the most original form. However this is related to death, is the fact that the image of the boy consists of the act that he is performing. The viewer at first side cannot depict the form of death and grave trauma that the boy is experiencing towards his mother. This repetition is linked with death drive theory in the sense that under original trauma, a person insists oneself through repetitive actions in order to find an escape.

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