22 5月 澳洲靠谱代写：皮诺切特将军案
The General Pinochet case is a landmark case where although the General was not persecuted or extradited, he was still detained under the principles of Universal Jurisdiction. The Chilean dictator was involved in the torture and killing of more than a 1000 Chileans during his rule of seventeen years. The Human rights violation was recognized by the Civilian Government and accordingly in the year 1999, a report was submitted to the UN Committee. A Reparation and Reconciliation Corporation recognized around 123 differences and 776 extrajudicial executions. The commander of these operations was Pinochet. He led the armed forces during the time and hence he becomes responsible for the human rights violations.International law carries provisions where it allows states to prosecute criminals or hold them for allegations made in another country. One of the primary circumstances is that the international law would allow the national law to work, meaning that international law will not take over precedence in jurisdiction over the national law. So Chile had the primary right to prosecute Augusto Pinochet for the crimes he committed, and international law would intervene if Chile was not able to do so.
The victims of the issues that happened in Chile or the relatives of the victims who died or were missing have sought active support from lawyers, and organizations. However, there are multiple ways in which Pinochet and others executing his actions could seek impunity which served as a hindrance for the national court. Effective judicial prosecutions would be blocked because of this. Two forms of impunity served as a block which is the 1978 Amnesty Decree and secondly in the year 1990 the Chilean constitution granted a parliamentary immunity to Pinochet. General Pinochet in the year 1978 decreed the Amnesty Decree 2191.The Decree served to protect those who were involved in human rights violation for certain time period. The results of this decree were that the very perpetrators of humanitarian crime were seen to create terms of transition to civil rule as it suited their purpose. The victims and their families hence could not get justice in this case. The Chilean 1978 Amnesty Law was accepted by the Supreme Court in Chile thus making it constitutional.