澳洲论文代写: 框架理论的主要观点

01 12月 澳洲论文代写: 框架理论的主要观点

澳洲论文代写: 框架理论的主要观点

许多学者对框架理论进行了研究,有些像戈夫曼(Goffman)似乎是他们在解释框架方面开创性的大贡献者之一。戈夫曼(Goffman,1974:26)假设“因此,在知觉和所感知的组织之间,一个对应关系或同构关系被声称,尽管事实上可能有许多有效的组织原则可能但不能通知知觉”。在此前提下,高夫曼讨论了建立一定现实的原则,部分地将其理论置于元通信的基础之上。他介绍了一种分析框架的方法,系统地阐述了如何运用个人前景来解读日常生活行为。戈夫曼(Goffman,1974)认为,社会角色,目标或场景的个人前景实际上并不是固定和有限的,事实上,在形成这样的前景和使用这样的前景时,它具有灵活性。在如何构建一个框架的问题上,戈夫曼(Goffman,1974)认为社会线索推动个体随社会背景而变化。看来,高夫曼的框架理论代表了某些时期用来解读社会的某些前景。降档或升档可以帮助个人从一个框架转向另一个框架(Goffman,1974)。戈夫曼的理论也很重要,因为它有助于突出框架的灵活性。同一个新闻在两个不同的环境下或由两个不同的个人或社会创建的框架可能不同。这个时期也有一定的灵活性,对于为什么个人从一个框架转到另一个框架的解释是本文的重要信息。

澳洲论文代写: 框架理论的主要观点

A number of scholars have studied the framing theory, some such as Goffman seem to be one of the big contributors as they have pioneered in explaining frames. Goffman (1974: 26) assumes that “a correspondence or isomorphism is thus claimed between perception and the organization of what is perceived, in spite of the fact that there are likely to be many valid principles of organization that could but don’t inform perception”. Under the premise, Goffman discussed the principles for building certain reality and put his theory in the foundation of meta-communication partly. He introduced a kind of approache to analyze framing and systemically expounds on how to use individual prospects to interpret daily life behaviors. Goffman (1974) argues that individual prospects for social roles, goals or scenes are really not fixed and limited, in fact, it equips with flexibility when forming such prospects and using such prospects. In the question that how can build a frame, Goffman (1974) claims that social cues push individuals to change with social context. It appears that Goffman’s theory of frame represent certain prospects that used to interpret society in certain period. Downshift or upshift could help individuals turn from one frame to another frame (Goffman, 1974). Goffman’s theory is also significant as it helps highlight the flexibility of the frame. The framing that is created for the same news in two different contexts or by two different individuals or societies could differ. There is a certain flexibility that might go with the period also and this explanations on why individuals turn from one frame to another is a highly critical information for the dissertation.