03/04/2019

澳洲论文代写被发现怎么办:政治治理

墨尔本论文代写

澳洲论文代写被发现怎么办:政治治理

是什么使政治管理在一个国家内兴起、坚持和衰落?多数执政党和民主国家的崛起是否源于财政状况的改善?快速的经济发展是否会破坏以投票为基础的制度?是否存在某种程度的进步,超过了这一水平,民主可能会衰落?欧洲的历史是独一无二的,还是正在发展中国家重演?(Prezeworski, A. & Limongi, F.),1997)。与英国等发达国家现有的政治制度相比,这些是与发展中国家内部政治制度有关的最重要的问题。许多著名作家,如阿西莫格鲁、詹姆斯·罗宾逊、福山等都曾描述过,只有精英和普通公民之间的相互作用才决定了从非民主政府向民主政府的过渡。精英倾向于非民主,而公民倾向于民主。双方都希望制定有利于各自群体的政策,并在今天和明天保持可持续性。坚实的政治基础可以作为这两者之间的谈判机制,并有助于监管和长期坚持政策,这就是政治制度存在的原因。发展中国家应不断记住,财政管辖权在执行旨在增长国民经济、社会和其他形式的政策方面的确发挥着带头作用。

澳洲论文代写被发现怎么办:政治治理
在政治框架中有两种基本的选择。首先是选择和留住正确的领导人。为此目的,可以直接选举首席干事,也可以选举由议会成员组成的立法议会,由议会成员选举总理,这是大多数发达国家和发展中国家的基本程序。发展中国家所关心的问题是,政治“机制”必须有其特点,以便纳入政治领导人吸引其后盾的手段。这些领导者试图提供乐观的保证,以成为成功的领导者,从而消除他们道路上的障碍和约束。甚至他们也不怕使用腐败手段,包括向当地支持者行贿。第二种选择是制定管理精英和公民阶层的政策,以及这些政策的结构。从正式的角度来看,它将包括行政规则、议程设置规则、经济视角、利益相关者的投入等。在一个不太正式的说明,这将包括如何处理或处理利益集团和政府之间的冲突,以及如何迫使系统中的否决者接受政策变化,等等(Drazen, a .,2006)。

澳洲论文代写被发现怎么办:政治治理

What makes political administrations rise, persevere, and fall within a nation? Do majority ruling parties and democracies rise as a result of financial improvement? Does rapid economic development destabilize vote based systems? Is there some level of advancement past which democracies will probably fall? Is European history one of a kind or is it rehashing itself in developing nations? (Prezeworski, A. & Limongi, F., 1997). These are the most important questions concerned with the political systems within the developing nations as compared to the existing ones in developed nations like Britain.Many renowned authors like Acemoglu, James Robinson, Fukuyama, etc. have described that only the interplay between elites and common citizens determine the transition from non-democratic government to democracy. Elites lean towards non-democracy, while citizens incline towards democracy. Both want policies which are beneficial to each group and also remain sustainable today and tomorrow. Political foundations which are sturdy can act as a negotiating mechanism between the two and help in regulation and the persistence of policies over time, and that the reason political system exists. Developing countries should constantly remember that the financial jurisdiction does play the role of a lead actor in implementation of policies aimed at growing the national economic, social and other formatives.

澳洲论文代写被发现怎么办:政治治理
There are two essential sorts of choices in a political framework. The first are the choices on picking and retaining the correct leaders. For this purpose, there can be either straightway election of a chief officer or election of a legislative assembly consisting of parliamentary members which choose a Prime Minister and this is the fundamental process in most of the developed and developing nations as well. The point of concern for the developing nations would rather be that Political “mechanisms” must be characterized to incorporate the instruments by which political leaders draw in their back up supporters. These leaders try providing optimistic assurances to emerge as the successful leader, so that the obstacles and constraints in their path are nullified. Even they are not afraid of using corrupt ways including monetary bribes to the local supporters.The second choice is to make the decision of policies that will govern the elites and the citizen class, and the way in which these policies are structured. Looking at it from a formal perspective, it will incorporate administrative rules, agenda-setting regulations, economic perspectives, stakeholders’ inputs, etc. On a less formal note, this would include how the conflicts between interest groups and governments is dealt or approached, and how veto players in a system are impelled to accept policy changes, etc. (Drazen, A.,2006).

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