05/03/2019

assignment 代写:专利的类型

墨尔本论文代写

assignment 代写:专利的类型

适宜性是创新者为经济目的而使用其所创造的设计的权利。它由两个因素控制,即可保护性和自由操作条件。可保护性因素是指一个公司能够保持和保护设计研发不受创新者影响的所有权水平。自由经营条款是指公司在不侵犯他人权利的情况下经营的程度。这可以通过正式的方法或非正式的方法来实现(Somaya, 2012)。形式化的方法是获取专利。专利可以广义地定义为一项特定发明的专有权,不允许他人将同一设计用于其生产或工艺。公司这样做是为了在市场上获得竞争优势。专利有多种形式,可以大致分为以下几类。

assignment 代写:专利的类型
在设计专利中,版权和效用专利是一些正式的实施专利的方法(Helmers, Love, and McDonagh, 2013)。非正规的方法是确保运营的保密性,保持相当长的交货期,并为公司开发强大的营销模式。就专利而言,可以是产品创新或工艺创新。单个公司的经理根据投资的变量或回报来做出决定。专利一般被认为是具有领土性质的,授予期限为20年(Aplin, and Davis, 2013)。专利法受1977年《专利法》的管制。人们发现,1949年《专利法》中作出的许多决定仍然具有现实意义。英国也是欧洲专利公约的成员,因此这些公约下的规则在形成案件判决时也具有相关性(Waelde et al., 2013)。

assignment 代写:专利的类型

Appropriability is the right of the innovator to use the design created by them for the purpose of economics. It is governed by two factors which are protectability and Free to Operate conditions. Protectability factor is the level of ownership a company can maintain and protect the R&D of the design from the innovators. Free to operate clause is the degree by which a company can operate without infringing on the rights others. This can be done through formalized methods or informal methods (Somaya, 2012). Formalized methods are procuring patents.Patent can be broadly defined as the exclusive rights for a particular invention and does not allow others to utilize the same design for its production or processes. This is done by the companies to gain competitive advantages in the markets. Patents come in many forms and they can be broadly categorized as follows.

assignment 代写:专利的类型
Of the design patents, copyright and utility patents are some of the formal methods of patenting (Helmers, Love, and McDonagh, 2013). The non-formal methods are ensuring secrecy of the operation, maintaining a considerable lead time, and developing robust marketing schemas for the company. In the case of patents, it could be product innovation or process innovation. The managers of the individual company make the determination based on the variables or return of investments. Patents are in general found to be territorial and are awarded for a period of 20 years Aplin, T.F., (Aplin, and Davis, 2013). Patent law is regulated by the Patents Act of 1977. It has been found that many of the decisions made in Patent Act of 1949 continue to hold relevance. UK is also a member of the European Patent convention hence the rules under those conventions also hold relevance whilst forming judgement of the cases (Waelde et al., 2013).

澳洲代写essay:经济学的关键概念和领域

悉尼代写大学申请论文的写作技巧