传统的土著社会是由企业决策过程和议会的长老。这是早些时候由独裁政府由州长任命欧洲风格。澳大利亚殖民地的接待原则是从英国法律移植(2004年,彼得p.233 – 249)。殖民者从英国带来的权利和过程是由1689年《大宪章》和《权利法案》。作为殖民地的结算是代议制政府的风潮开始完成的。
The traditional Aboriginal society is governed by the corporate decision making process and the council of elders. Earlier it was governed by the autocratic European style government managed by appointed governors. Australian colonies by virtue of the doctrine of reception were transplanted from English law (Pedersen, 2004, p.233-249). The colonists from Britain brought the rights and processes that were formed by Magna Carta and the Bill of Rights in 1689. As the settlement of colonies was done the agitation for representative government started.
The major issue the aboriginals are facing in Australia is of land ownership. For maintain indigenous culture ancestral land is of great concern and it is also helpful in determining the economic worth of the community. Indigenous people in Australia had to provide land ownership claims for retaining the culture and its significance for the Indigenous group according to land right laws of Australia. They have to provide written records which they don’t have for proving that the ancestral customs and cultures are still maintained in those places. In present times most of the indigenous people live in towns and cities still a quite large number of aboriginal Australians live in remote areas in Australia (Moses, 2004). Thus they are not able to access essential services like health and education etc. This has resulted in reducing employment opportunities for aboriginals and lead to high unemployment with lower standards of living of aboriginals.