The knowledge on the type of music used and the ways this music could be segregated as available to musicians and historians is through the fragments of musical scores that were available. Also there are musical instruments that were used then. Texts of the history of Greece and inscriptions as represented in Grecian art and architecture also allude to the music of ancient Greece. These serve as the primary understanding for Greece music.
Music in ancient Greece has a social purpose as it was played in community gatherings and social outlets. It was celebrated for its cultural and aesthetic benefits. There are various inscriptions on Greek music that touch base on how music was organized those days. Professional musicians were institutionally organized and also had economic benefits based on their music. Archeological evidence also suggests that there was competition in music as there were monuments erected for those musicians that were more accomplished than others. Roofed concert halls and more were built to encourage these musicians, in particular recordings from Athens shows how in the fifth century B.C there was the Odeion or roofed concert hall of the Perikles. This was a monumental structure that was built on the southern slope of the Athenian acropolis. Similar to Odeion of the Perikles, there are other physical structures that bear testimony to Grecian music and their culture.