Scalar Chain: This specifies the formation of the organizational authoritative framework and the reporting system of the subordinated as per the level of the managers and the higher authorities.Order: The order in the workplace signifies the coordination of the jobs and the individual employees along with the other resources. Therefore, for the specific work, there should be a proper order to be followed in order to gain efficiency.Equity: The concept of equity is very vital as all the employees should be treated equally despite, the position of the employee in the workplace.
Stability of Tenure of Personnel: Maintaining the skill labour and employees of the organization should be the utmost priority of the management. The frequent turnover of the employees enhances the costs of recruitment and also results in cases of rejection of more products (Harzing & Pinnington, London).
Initiative: The initiative of the workers should be considered and encouraged by the management. This helps in improving the morale of the employees and their efficiency.
Espirit De Crops: Maintaining peace and creation of harmonious environment is another important essential. Hence, it helps in encouraging good feeling among the employees of the organization.
From time to time, there are a number of theories that got developed in the context of effective human resource management. In the modern context, employee motivation is considered to the primary factor of effective human resource management during the periods of 1970s. The motivational theories further reflected in the factors of job enrichment and importance of proper training and development of the employees. Further the ‘soft’ approaches were mainly followed during that point of time as, developed from the Theory of X and Theory of Y (Berkes, 2009). The Maslow’s theory of Hierarchical needs has been constructed on the basis of prioritizing the needs and psychological requirements of the employees at the workplace.