25/03/2019

代写演讲稿ppt:关于堕胎的矛盾看法

墨尔本论文代写

代写演讲稿ppt:关于堕胎的矛盾看法

斯蒂芬·D·施瓦茨(Stephen D Schwarz)对早期关于堕胎的观点提出了矛盾的看法。堕胎和杀婴发生在父母还没有准备好要孩子的时候。堕胎在一些人看来是正当的,而在另一些人看来则是谋杀。根据施瓦茨的说法,胎儿也是人,杀死胎儿和杀死成人一样有害。他通过几个例子来捍卫自己的观点,在这些例子中,他将胎儿与其他被信的人进行了比较。传统理论有两个假设:第一,胎儿不是人;第二,杀人不是不道德的。约瑟夫•弗莱彻(Joseph Fletcher)和迈克尔•托雷(Michael Tooley)也认同这一传统理论。为了反驳托雷的观点,施瓦茨以两个婴儿为例——一个出生时昏迷,另一个一段时间后昏迷。在这两种情况下,孩子在9岁时就会恢复正常。根据托雷,9岁的第一个婴儿可能被杀,因为他不是一个人,因为他是一个天生的昏迷和从未是一个人,而第二个孩子发达昏迷后有时所以他是一个人,因此生活的权利。

代写演讲稿ppt:关于堕胎的矛盾看法
从本质上说,沃伦指出胎儿在生物学上是人,但这并不意味着他有生存的权利。她说,因为只有当人被杀时才是不道德的,所以杀死胎儿并没有错,因为他们不是人。所以她说,胎儿不具备上述任何品质的事实证明胎儿不是人。现在,施瓦茨通过举一个熟睡的人的例子来否定沃伦的观点。即使那个人也不具备所有的5个特征,即意识、推理、自我激励活动、沟通能力以及自我意识和自我概念。所以根据沃伦的理论,即使他也不能被称为一个人,因为他没有一个人的特征,因此杀死一个睡觉的人也是道德的。施瓦茨接着说,杀死一个熟睡的人是绝对错误的,因为他也是一个人,即使他没有上述任何一个特征。胎儿或婴儿也是如此。即使他没有任何一个人的特征,他仍然是一个人,或者即将成为一个人,因此他也不能被杀死。

代写演讲稿ppt:关于堕胎的矛盾看法

Stephen D Schwarz puts his contradictory views to the earlier thoughts on abortion. Abortion and infanticide occur when parents are not ready for child. Abortion may seem justified to some while it may be seen as a murder to others. According to Schwarz, foetus is also a person and killing a foetus is as harmful as killing an adult. He defends his point by taking several examples wherein he compares foetus with other to be believed persons. The traditional theory has two assumptions – First, a foetus is not a person and second, killing a human being is not immoral. Joseph Fletcher and Michael Tooley also align with the traditional theory. In order to contradict Tooley’s point, Schwarz takes the example of two babies – one who is born with coma and the other who develops coma after some time. In both the cases, the children would become normal at the age of 9 years. According to Tooley, at the age of 9, the first baby could be killed because he is not a person as he was a born comatose and had never functioned as a person, whereas the second baby developed coma after sometime so he is a person and hence has the right to live.

代写演讲稿ppt:关于堕胎的矛盾看法
Warren essentially points out that a foetus is biologically a human being but that does not mean that he has the right to live. She tells that since it is only immoral when persons are killed, killing foetus is not wrong as they are not persons. So she tells, the fact that the foetus does not have any of the aforementioned qualities is the proof of foetus not being a person. Now, Schwarz negates Warren’s point of view by giving an example of a person who is in very deep sleep. Even that person does not have all the 5 characteristics, that is, consciousness, reasoning, self-motivated activity, communication capability and self-aware and self-concepts. So according to the theory of Warren, even he also cannot be called a person as he does not have the characteristics of a person and hence killing a sleeping person is also moral. Schwarz then tells that it is absolutely wrong to kill a sleeping human, because he is also a person even though he does not have even any one of the mentioned characteristics. Same goes with the foetus or the baby child. Even though he does not have any of the characteristics of a person, he is still a person or going to be a person and hence he also cannot be killed.

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