本文主要讲述的是供应链风险的分类，供应链风险可以根据风险的来源、影响的性质和影响的程度进行不同的分类。图中显示的框架结合了第三个和第一个分类法。它区分了系统的、宏观的和外部的风险，这些风险可以破坏特定供应链中来自下游供应商或上游供应商的供应网络。风险控制与供应链中各组织之间的关系有关。宏观风险分为经济风险和自然地缘政治风险(Borgman and Rachan, 2009)。本篇堪培拉论文代写文章由澳洲论文人EducationRen教育网整理，供大家参考阅读。
The supply chain risk can be categorized in different ways by the source of the risk, nature of its impact and extent of its influence. The framework shown in the figure combines the third and first of the taxonomies. It distinguishes systematic, macro level and external risks that can disrupt the supply networks originating from the downstream supplier or upstream supplier in a specific supply chain. The control of risk is associated with the relationship between the organizations in the supply chain. The macro risks are categorized ranging from the economic to natural geopolitical hazards (Borgman and Rachan, 2009).
The world economic forum aggregates the risk under the macro risk aggregates under the following headings:natural/environmental, IT, economic and geopolitical. The companies face difficulties due to natural hazards that affect the supply chain. The unplanned IT was also considered as the most common cause of the interruptions in the supply chain overall. The political conflicts, sudden demand shocks, and terrorism also affect the supply chain in the global market. Thus, the supply chain is disrupted by a wide range of economic, natural, infrastructural, technical and political events. These factors impose a significant impact on the supply chain network of the business organizations.
The biggest challenge that the organizations are facing in the global market is how to decrease the cost of the supply chain. To satisfy the price expectations of the customers, the organizations have opted for relocating the manufacturing division into the low-cost nations all around the globe. The strategy has implemented to decrease the indirect and direct cost as well as minimizing the taxes. The global suppliers have significantly contributed to the complexities that come from the extended delivery times. The customers in the global market not only want to decrease the prices of the products but also want their delivery on time. The supply chain in the global market is complex (Chopra and Meindl, 2016).
The features and quality of the products are changing constantly, and the challenges have increased a lot. The products are released, and the customers pressure the organizations to come up with the innovative thing. Thus, innovation allows the organizations to stay competitive in the market which is a big challenge. For achieving this, the organizations have to redesign and frame their supply chain to meet the demands of the customers. The cost for the development of the product has become important for the organizations, and they are trying to expand their supply chain network in the global market. The organizations want to expand their business operation in the domestic market. The entrance in the new market is very much difficult due to the government policies, fees, and trading polices.