澳洲论文代写:外商投资

22 2月 澳洲论文代写:外商投资

澳洲论文代写:外商投资

激励跨国公司参与外商直接投资的战略动机一直是研究者们讨论的基础。有人认为,外国直接投资或外国直接投资可以为个体企业提供显著的竞争优势,改善其财务状况,提高产能利用率,提高技术标准(吉莱斯皮,2012)。许多以前的研究依赖于企业资源观,也被称为资源基础理论和组织学习的视角,或扁平苔藓,为了获得更好的理解的初始动机,以及生长在中国多–国家企业发展战略。

澳洲论文代写:外商投资
此外,测试从不同因素的初始投资决策的性质,研究人员认为,可能的动机背后的角度、市场寻求行为可分为两个维度,外部的市场因素和公司内部因素(Mutinelli和Piscitello,2008)。外部市场动机由外国市场中的要素构成,使市场对跨国公司具有吸引力。其中一个因素是围绕东道国的一般人力资源做法展开的。子结构这个因素包括劳动力成本、一体化程度、安全和劳动政策,以及劳动力的技能水平。有趣的是,母国严格的劳工政策同样可以作为寻求外国直接投资机会的动力。(麦克唐纳和麦克唐纳说,2012)。另一方面,劳动力的可获得性、劳动力的技术水平和劳动力成本可能成为外国投资的有力动力。
根据企业家,为这些公司提供广泛的国际市场中经常发现的吸引力,更不确定的市场,他们感兴趣的(经济学家,2008a)。一些研究表明市场规模作为进入中国的一个主要因素,在吸引外国直接投资有了空前的成功。此外,中国市场的巨大,以及迅速改善基础设施,投资的吸引力在中国市场(经济学家,2008b)。

澳洲论文代写:外商投资

The strategic motives that inspire Multi – national corporations to involve in FDI have been a base of discussion for many years among researchers. It has been argued that foreign direct investment, or FDI, can provide individual firms significant competitive advantage, improve their financial position, raise capacity utilization, and raise technological standards (Gillespie, 2012). Many of the previous studies rely on the resource-based view of the firm, also termed as RBV, and the organizational learning perspective, or OLP, to gain a better understanding of the initial motives, as well as the growth and development strategies of Multi – national corporations in China.

澳洲论文代写:外商投资
Furthermore, testing the nature of the initial investment decision from a different factors, researchers suggest that possible motivations behind perspectives- seeking and market-seeking behavior can be divided in two dimensions—external market factors and internal company reasons (Mutinelli and Piscitello, 2008). External market motivations consist of those elements in the foreign market that make that market attractive to a Multi – National Corporation. One such factor revolves around common human resource practices in the host country. The sub-constructs of this factor include labor costs, the degree of unionization, safety and labor policies, and the skill level of workforce. Interestingly, strict labor policies in the home country can likewise serve as a motivator to seek FDI opportunities (Said and McDonald, 2012). On the other hand, availability of labor, skill level of labor and the cost of labor may serve as a strong motivator for foreign investment.
According to entrepreneurs, for those companies with extensive international market often find the less attractive, more uncertain markets of interest to them (Economist, 2008a). Some researchers demonstrated the market size as a primary factor for entry into China, which has had unprecedented success in attracting FDI. Moreover, the vastness of the Chinese market, as well as the rapidly improving infrastructure, made investment attractive in the Chinese market place (Economist, 2008b).