A ‘Culture’ is formed from the beliefs, customs, attributes & the way of life that are shared and accepted by society.
Forms of Culture: Sub-culture or high culture is a superior grade culture and reflects specific way of life shared by small group of people mainly by elites or upper class. Example: Theatre. Mass-culture or low culture is a culture of mass society or the working or middle class. Example: Music. Popular culture is also known as ‘design of living culture’ formed by different social classes. Example: Entertainment.
Why culture is contested: When there are cultural clashes or a state of cultural shock, a culture is said to be contested. It can be contested at individual, group level or society at large. Culture is contested as it is relative and a subject of continuous debate and contradictions on the thoughts perceived at different stages of the society. Language spoken in a society also makes it contested as the time and thinking of its members change.
Ways in which Culture is contested: Culture cannot be easily defined because it is complex and continuously evolving in nature. It is not rigid and uniform still it is relatively stable. Culture is invisible still it nurtures human behaviour, knowledge and actions. It is dynamic in nature which can be adaptive and even learned from potential changes in the environment. Cultures of different societies are just different and not better or worse. It is abstract sometimes concrete and sometimes just interpretations and both work together to form socially acceptable culture.