Ports warmed up to containerization subsequently, the container showed to be very fruitful and amongst ports a race started to attract most of the shipping lines by means of providing the infrastructure to handle container and building new terminals. In port facilities, the basic requirement of containerization was major changes in the technology; this resulted in the formulation of the fresh ports for containers (Baier and Bergstrand, 2001). Another instance, where the advancement in the transportation led to improvement in the international trade was that from traditional ports like San Francisco and New York, the business was taken over by new container ports in Oakland and Newark. The dominant position of Liverpool and London which handled majority of the trade of British and the role was taken over by the new container ports of Felixstowe and Tilbury.
Port authorities in majority of nations fall under the government’s administration. In order to study the feasibility of containerization, careful analysis and planning must be done by the government due to the high cost involved. The government in UK commissioned McKinsey (1967) so as to conduct an analysis of cost and benefit before they could have spent crucial funds of the public over the facilities of container ports. McKinsey (1972) five years later rendered a measurable valuation of the impacts of the containerization for the first 5 years of the adoption of the same in the Western Europe and UK.