Awofeso (2011) highlights the issues of racism being existent in Australia which is the cause of health of a lot of indigenous Australians. This has also affected the work place violence which is gaining pace and becoming a major reason for stalled progress and low confidence among employees. When such laws are weak and do not provide any protection to the neglected and victim, the defaulters are sure to get more confident about their deeds. In such cases, the government must establish stringent laws with threatening penalties for the violators, because it is required to display some existence of law and order under which every citizen is subjected. By being strict in the beginning, an environment of discipline can be created and most citizens would be aware of the consequences of such actions.
The Commonwealth does have discretionary powers which override certain state legislation exempted in Section 51 of the Constitution. This makes it difficult for reaching an alignment in the fiscal goals of both the Commonwealth and the state. One of the landmark example of the overlapping of the section 51 between the Commonwealth and the Stats is the Tasmania Dam case which was ultimately being declared in the favour of the Commonwealth. Tasmania wanted to build a hydro-electric dam in South West Tasmania, and the construction of the same would have flooded most part of the Franklin River . However the Commonwealth had the power to stop the dam according to Section 51, but Tasmania opposed and ultimately the judges took a split decision of 4:3 and favoured the Commonwealth which apparently had more powers under Section 51 and the World heritage Convention. It is seen that the Commonwealth has its own powers and also has exemptions though section 51 in which it can act and overrule many other State and regulatory authorities.