06 5月 推荐信代写：叙利亚的经济问题
到目前为止，叙利亚的经济还没有满足人民的需要。特别是毁灭性的内战完全影响了有形的基础设施，并对经济和社会条件提出了挑战。自2010年以来，这场冲突已使叙利亚经济萎缩至少57%。5年来，石油天然气工业生产总值下降28%，非石油工业生产总值下降14%。能源基础设施的破坏是GDP下降的原因(Gobat and Kostial, 2016)。该国有两家国有炼油厂，在战前运转良好。然而，战争结束后，他们缺乏燃料，高压线路被毁。农业部门约占净GDP的五分之一(世界银行，2016)。随着内战的开始，政府失去了它的控制，农民没有得到帮助来管理他们的农业过程。因此，谷物、牲畜、水果和工业作物的生产都出现短缺。另一方面，由于战争，服务业遭受了前所未有的重创。
Syria’s economy has not fulfilled the needs of the people till date. Especially, the devastating civil war had totally affected the physical infrastructure and challenged the economic and social conditions. The conflict has contracted the economy of Syria by at least 57% since 2010. The GDP obtained from oil and gas industry decreased by 28% while non oil GDP decreased by 14% since 5 years. The disruption of energy infrastructure is the reason for the decline in GDP (Gobat and Kostial, 2016). The country had two state owned refineries that functioned well prior to the war. However, after the war period, they lacked fuel and high voltage lines got ruined. Agriculture sector occupies about 1/5th of the net GDP (World Bank, 2016). As the civil war began, the government lost its control and farmers were not given the aids to manage their farming processes. As a result, production of cereals, livestock, fruit and industrial crops has all fell in shortage. On the other hand, services sector experienced a never before hard hit due to the war.
From communication and transportation to banking, the country has faced cuts in service provisions because of shortage in revenues and export oil earnings. The economic indicators of Syria showed high inflation especially in food prices and the government subsidies have also been cut in order to meet the debts and manage the exchange rate depreciation. All these statements clearly demonstrate the poor performance of the economy of Syria. In the earlier times, Syria focused on military and public sector wages. Large portion of incomes have been allocated to the same. It is observed that the excess government spending created negative long term relationship with neighbouring countries such as Israel and Egypt. After the crisis, government has taken various measures to manage the losses and retain survival. The public budget system showed cost cutting measures taken by the government as a good example to support this statement is the reduction in number of government vehicles and the usage correspondingly (Mahmoud, 2015). The awareness campaigns brought better results to save energy and control costs.