23/02/2019

新西兰论文代写:过去的历史政治事件

墨尔本论文代写

新西兰论文代写:过去的历史政治事件

这篇文章,《过去的敌人》,提供了关于中国文化大革命不同方面的一个总的概述和许多现有的学术辩论。本文就这场全国性危机的真正动因、重大政治后果以及由此导致的中国社会等级制度和阶级制度的巨大变化展开了探讨。特别是,他认为当时流行的思想包括毛派的解释是有偏见的,而且不符合历史的准确性。由毛发起的文化大革命,使中国的社会结构和政治发生了巨大的变化。在众多关于这些后果的理论中,最流行的一个理论是,文化大革命在中国社会产生了另一个统治阶级。这个新的特权阶级首先在共产党中抬头,超越了过去几十年一直掌握共产党权力的旧官僚阶级。吴亦清认为毛泽东对阶级的解释是不连贯和模糊的。阶级可以根据帝国主义的力量来界定;同样的阶级也可以根据权力等级定义为从共产党手中接管政权的革命者。

新西兰论文代写:过去的历史政治事件
其次,吴认为毛主义的解释“没有充分理解这种含糊不清和支离破碎的政治和意识形态后果,这些后果被实际接受和制定的具体历史环境放大”(吴,21)。学者们可能会倾向于过度简化毛的解释,为了减少对毛理论的偏见,有必要研究相关的历史事件。《易经》简单介绍了中国革命前的时代以及当时的社会背景。经过帝国主义敌人无数次的阻挠,中国共产党建立了强大而稳定的中华人民共和国。1966年的文化大革命(Wu 18)很快挑战了这种稳定。年轻的红卫兵已经接管了共产党。吴亦清认为,在新中国这一混乱时期,文化大革命所造成的动荡,是为了重建国家和中国军队。根据历史学家的说法,毛(在文化大革命的背景下)从不相信阶级之间的斗争和剥削会完全结束。

新西兰论文代写:过去的历史政治事件

The article, Enemies from the Past, provides a general overview and many existing scholarly debates regarding different aspects of the Chinese Cultural Revolution. The article author initiates a discussion about the true driving force of this nationwide crisis, its significant political consequences, and the great changes it has led to Chinese social hierarchy and class system. In particular, he argues that popular thinking’s at that time including the Maoist interpretation is biased and not historically accurate. Initiated by Mao, the Cultural Revolution of China has forced the nation to undergo tremendous change especially in its social structure and politics. Among the many theories about these consequences, one of the most popular ones is that the Cultural Revolution has given birth to another ruling class in the Chinese society. First raising its head in the Communist Party, this new privileged class rose above the old bureaucratic class, who had held the party power in the past decades. Yiching Wu argues that Maoist interpretation of class is incoherent and ambiguous. Class can be defined based on the imperialist power; the same class can also be defined based on power levels as within the revolutionaries who took over from the communists.

新西兰论文代写:过去的历史政治事件
Secondly, Wu argues that the Maoist interpretation “fails to fully comprehend the political and ideological consequences of such ambiguities and fragmentariness as amplified by the specific historical circumstances in which they were pragmatically received and enacted” (Wu,21). Scholars might tend to oversimplify Mao’s interpretation and in order to be less biased in understanding of Mao’s theory it is necessary to examine both relevant and historical events. Yiching Wu briefly talks about the pre-revolution era of China and other related social background during that time. Having survived countless obstacles imposed by imperialist enemies, a strong and stable People’s Republic of China was established by the Communist Party. The stability was soon challenged by the cultural revolution of 1966 (Wu 18). Young Red Guards has taken over the Communist party. Yiching Wu argues that during this chaotic period of new China, the turbulence caused by the Cultural Revolution worked to reconstruct the country and the Chinese regiment. Mao, (in the context of the Cultural Revolution) according to historians, has never believed that the struggles and exploitation among classes would end completely.

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